Chandrayaan-3 rover moves onto the moon’s surface as India celebrates ecstatically. The moon rover of India’s Chandrayaan-3 left the spacecraft on Thursday to begin exploring the lunar south pole and conducting experiments. The space agency chief said the rover was prepared for new challenges.
On Wednesday, the spacecraft landed on the unexplored south pole of the moon, making India the first nation to accomplish this accomplishment just days after Russia’s Luna-25 mission failed.
After a failed attempt in 2019, the soft, textbook landing of the lander ignited widespread jubilation and celebration in the world’s most populous nation. The media lauded the landing as India’s most significant scientific achievement.
Somanath, the head of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), stated that the lander and rover were in excellent condition and “both are working very well”; however, the experiments had not yet begun.
“Every activity is on schedule. ISRO reported on X, formerly Twitter, that all systems are normal. “Rover mobility operations have commenced.”
The “Pragyan” rover has two instruments for element and chemical composition analysis and a robotic path planning exercise for future exploration.
Chandrayaan translates to “moon vehicle” in both Hindi and Sanskrit. It is anticipated that the solar-powered equipment on the rover will continue to function for two weeks or one lunar day.
Somanath stated that ISRO would encounter “many issues” on the moon’s surface for the first time, including lunar dust and temperatures that could affect moving elements.
“There, the mechanisms and movable parts can become entangled with the dust. It can get into the moving elements and jam them, causing the system’s bearings and motors to malfunction, he told CNN News 18 TV.
He explained that lunar dust is distinct from earthly dust, and in the absence of oxygen on the moon, it could adhere to the rover’s components, affecting its performance.
Scientist: “All this creates problems in those mechanisms…so let’s see what happens.” “We will confront it, which is why we are investigating. If everything is known, why bother doing anything?”
This was India’s second attempt to land on the moon, and it cost approximately 6.15 billion rupees ($75 million) to complete. In 2019, the Chandrayaan-2 mission successfully deployed an orbiter, but its lander collapsed.
The moon’s south pole is prized for its water ice or frozen water, which could serve as fuel, oxygen, and drinking water for future expeditions. However, the pole’s rugged terrain makes landing difficult.
OCCASIONS OF CELEBRATION
On Wednesday, people nationwide tuned in to witness the landing, with the YouTube livestream alone attracting nearly 7 million viewers.
Praises were conducted in places of worship, and live broadcasts were organized for school students.
In addition to bolstering India’s position as a space power and its reputation for cost-competitive space engineering, the flight is a significant source of national pride.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that everyone had congratulated him since Wednesday and that the successful landing was not viewed as the accomplishment of a single nation but of humanity as a whole.
“It is a matter of pride and a pat on the back for Indian scientists,” Modi said on Thursday at the BRICS summit in Johannesburg.
Among other banner headlines, Indian newspapers proclaimed, “The moon is Indian,” “India goes where no nation has gone before,” and “India illuminates the dark side of the moon.”
In an editorial, the Times of India it is stated that the lunar mission is India’s most significant scientific accomplishment.
“ISRO is the sole reason India is now in a position to reap the benefits of a surge in interest in basic sciences,” the report stated.
$1 is equal to 82.4610 Indian rupees.