Super gonorrhea warning: Austrian man catches drug-resistant strain of STI from Cambodian prostitute as experts claim virus poses ‘major global threat’:
After an Austrian man contracted a drug-resistant strain of the sexually transmitted infection (STI), researchers have issued a warning that super gonorrhea constitutes a “serious worldwide concern.”
The man in his 50s, who has not been recognized, contracted the disease after having unprotected sex with a prostitute in Cambodia in April when he was on vacation there.
Five days later, when he got back to his house, he had a painful burning sensation when he urinated, and there was discharge coming from his penis.
Following the results of the medical tests that determined he had gonorrhea, he was treated with conventional antibiotics.
Even though the medications eliminated his symptoms, the man continued to show positive test results, which indicated that the treatment had in fact been unsuccessful.
His strain was described as “extensively drug-resistant” by medical professionals, distinguishing it from others they had previously encountered.
In the event that it was allowed to spread, those in charge issued a warning that it might make it impossible to treat gonorrhea.
Dr. Sonja Pleininger, who is the lead author of the paper and works for the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, stated that these strains “represent a huge global public health hazard.”
“Many gonorrhea cases might become untreatable if such strains manage to establish a continuous transmission,” she warned. “If such strains manage to establish a sustained transmission.”
According to the authors of the study, it is essential to develop new treatments that specifically target the gonorrhea bacteria as well as an efficient gonorrhea vaccination in order to mitigate the effects of drug-resistant strains.
In the end, the man was given a course of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, a combination antibiotic medication, and was treated for a period of one week. After that, he had unsuccessful tests.
However, the Cambodian sex worker was unable to be located, and specialists who reported the man’s case in the journal Eurosurveillance believe that this raises the possibility that the same thing could happen again in the future.
In Britain, gonorrhea is the second most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), and each year, over 60,000 people contract it. In addition, around 680,000 people in the United States become infected every year.
In addition to pain experienced during peeing, symptoms include a thick discharge that is either green or yellow and comes from the vaginal or penile area.
If the condition is not properly treated, it can result in major problems such as infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease in women, which can pose a serious risk to their lives.
When it affects pregnant women, it can also result in irreversible blindness in the child that is born.
Although super-strains of the virus have emerged in recent years, the majority of strains can still be treated successfully.
In recent years, there has been an uptick in the number of cases of ceftriaxone-resistant gonorrhea in the Asia-Pacific area.
In February, the British health officials issued a warning after discovering four cases that were genetically identical over the course of the previous few months.
Antimicrobial resistance is the name given to the phenomenon that has been affecting gonorrhea over the past few decades. Gonorrhea has become resistant to a number of medications.
Ciprofloxacin was a common antibiotic that was prescribed by doctors in the UK. However, in 2005, it was decided that it should no longer be used as a therapy since the bacteria had developed resistance to the drug.
Cefixime was one of the many antibiotics that were taken off the market in 2011 for the same reason.
The strain of gonorrhea that the Austrian guy had was resistant to azithromycin, which is one of the two primary medicines that are used to treat gonorrhea in Europe.
Additionally, it was resistant to ceftriaxone, in addition to cefixime, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, and tetracycline, which are all medicines that are used to treat infections.
Antimicrobial resistance is becoming an increasingly worrying issue for both scientists and those in charge of public health.
The authorities in charge of public health are concerned about the possibility of a “post-antibiotic” period, in which common illnesses and conventional medical procedures become more lethal and dangerous as individuals succumb to bacteria that were previously harmless.
The threat that is posed by superbugs was discussed today in front of members of parliament who sit on the Science and Technology Committee.
An economist by the name of Lord Jim O’Neill, who chaired a government assessment on antimicrobial resistance, expressed his concern about the dearth of diagnostic tools that are available in the United Kingdom in relation to the use of antibiotics.
He remarked, “It is disturbing to me still, especially after going through Covid, how we are not embedding state-of-the-art technology right in the midst of our health systems.” “It is alarming to me still, especially after going through Covid.”
In some instances, an individual’s infection can be determined by the use of blood testing, which enables medical professionals to reduce the amount of unneeded antibiotic prescriptions.
One of the factors that have been cited as contributing to the development of drug-resistant bacteria is the widespread misuse and over prescription of antibiotics.
The evaluation that Lord O’Neill conducted recommended finding a solution to the problem.
‘Our most aggressive recommendation was that we should actually ban the use of subjective prescriptions in secondary settings… until they’d done through a secondary diagnostic,’ he told MPs. “Our most aggressive recommendation was that we should actually ban the use of subjective prescriptions in secondary settings.”
“In the United Kingdom, that has been the region that has let people down the most consistently.”
“The entire NHS and its thought leaders, to say nothing of governments, don’t seem to realize the extent of the potential that the appropriate use of technology may have in permanently reducing this issue.”
The use of antibiotics in agriculture, which is another element that has been ascribed to the growth of superbugs, might be eliminated if animal diseases were targeted with new vaccines, according to Lord O’Neill.
A significant study conducted earlier this year indicated that superbugs were directly responsible for the deaths of 1.2 million people in 2019.
Because of this, superbugs have become an even greater threat to global health than AIDS and malaria.
In addition to deaths that were caused directly by drug-resistant bacteria, researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Oxford predicted that drug-resistant bacteria could be responsible for an additional 5 million deaths worldwide in 2019.